Review of potential co-management strategy for moose in Nova Scotia: the application of two-eyed seeing

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University of New Brunswick


The modern movement towards Indigenous sovereignty began in different times in various First Nations communities but is becoming an increasingly prominent issue in Canadian politics. A significant component of Indigenous sovereignty is partial or predominant management of natural resources, wildlife in particular. Cooperative management, sharing of responsibilities and decision-making between governmental and Indigenous agencies, has been successfully implemented in the Canadian Territories by various co-management boards. A co-management system is effective in the Territories, as the region is culturally, ecologically, geographically, and socially different from much of Canada. This paper seeks to identify components of successful co-management regimes and how they may be applied in the province of Nova Scotia with regard to the eastern moose (Alces alces americanus), which is critically endangered in mainland Nova Scotia at the time of writing. The hope of a successful co-management regime is to combine the knowledge and resources of current wildlife managers with the province’s Mi'kmaq communities to positively contribute to enhancing the current population and maintaining it as a sustainable resource for Indigenous and non-Indigenous users. This report will provide preliminary information to potential managers that may be used during early research stages and knowledge gathering.