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UNB Scholar is an institutional repository initiative of UNB Libraries intended to collect, preserve, showcase, and promote the open access scholarly output of the UNB community. Use UNB Scholar to explore specific collections, or search all content in the repository. Material submitted to the repository will also be freely discoverable online through Google and other major search engines.

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Recent Submissions

Play/Fighting: A transfeminine activist memoir from the Digital Walden
(University of New Brunswick, 2024-04) Kitts, Jamie; Schryer, Stephen; Robinson, Matte
Play/Fighting: A Transfeminine Activist Memoir from the Digital Walden is a hybrid work of creative non-fiction, poetry, and close reading. Centered around an analysis of Walden, a game, a videogame adaptation of Henry David Thoreau’s Walden, Play/Fighting uses the story from the game to tell stories from my life as it intersects with videogame culture, activism, and the struggle for transgender rights. Taking inspiration from Ken Baumann’s EarthBound, Play/Fighting structures its telling through the gameplay and level progression from Walden, a game, with chapters named for the game’s levels and chapter content informed by the game’s plot. By incorporating aesthetics from nature writing and New Games Journalism, my thesis tests the “Play Deliberately” tagline from Walden, a game through the cultivation of solitude and the sublime.
Investigating gaps in Canadian anti-money laundering regulations and practices
(University of New Brunswick, 2024-04) Kirby, Brandon; Frooman, Jeff
The thesis examines the relationship between Canada’s anti-money laundering (AML) and ‘know your client’ (KYC) policies and those of other jurisdictions. The hypothesis is that Canada is underperforming and an independent metric could be developed and replicated to determine this. The hypothesis was confirmed with Canada scoring below global averages. Recommendations on how to combat this problem and the consequences for failure on this are outlined.
A glider-mounted shadowgraph camera as a tool for quantifying meso- and gelatinous zooplankton distribution
(University of New Brunswick, 2024-04) Hynes, Natasha; Davies, Kimberley
Monitoring zooplankton populations, especially those of energy-rich copepods, is of interest due to their roles as prey for many commercially important and endangered marine species. Autonomous sampling could help improve fine-scale temporal and spatial monitoring, complimenting conventional methods. Here, I evaluate the performance of a prototype, glider-mounted shadowgraph camera for estimating zooplankton identifications and concentrations. The evaluation was completed via a gear-comparison with standard samplers (a MultiNet Midi and UVP6-HF). Copepods were the most abundant taxon in the zooplankton community and the shadowgraph yielded mostly definite identifications, while the UVP6 had more uncertainties. The shadowgraph and UVP underestimated concentrations compared to the MultiNet, yet correlations were significant with both imaging sensors. The shadowgraph, with a Spearman correlation of 0.73 with the MultiNet, excelled at detecting vertical copepod layers and further studies should explore the shadowgraph’s ability to detect diel-vertical migration and develop machine learning tools to aid finer taxonomic identification.
Node.js Energy Awareness on Asymmetric Multi-Processing Systems
(University of New Brunswick, 2024-04) Hu, Hao; Kent, Kenneth B.
New hardware platforms like hybrid architecture CPUs with different kinds of cores are the essential units that make computing devices more energy efficient. Node.js is a JavaScript runtime environment that powers applications in the cloud. We conducted research by combining hybrid architecture CPUs with Node.js to analyze the energy consumption pattern of the applications. The results show that by wisely using different configurations of CPU cores, we can save energy and meet service quality requirements. We proposed an approach that can save energy on Asymmetric Multi-Processing Systems. We give recommendations to developers on how to make better use of energy on such systems. We conducted research on a Kubernetes cluster by running experiments and analyzing various parameters that have impacts on scaling and energy consumption. The results give insights to developers and service providers on how these parameters impact energy consumption and performance.
Understanding the relationships between design parameters, operational speeds and pedestrian safety at roundabouts
(University of New Brunswick, 2024-04) Gallant, Alexander; Hildebrand, Eric D.; Hanson, Trevor R.
This study explored relationships between roundabout design parameters, observed operating speeds, and motorist yield compliance to pedestrians. The research involved observation of operations at four roundabouts within the City of Fredericton, New Brunswick. All facilities had Rectangular Rapid Flashing Beacons (RRFB) installed at the marked crossings. A three-pronged study approach was employed that included determination of vehicle speed profiles, driver yielding and pedestrian behaviour, and a survey of pedestrian attitudes toward safety. The 85th percentile speeds observed for motorists at the marked crosswalk are marginally lower than the theoretical fastest path speeds at the roundabout exit. Another conclusion developed was the sightlines provided to motorists as they exit the roundabout are a key factor in the yielding rate. Yield rates were the lowest on the exit leg of high-speed roundabouts. The usage rate of RRFB’s was found to be higher at high-speed roundabouts.