Individual differences in the formation of coalitions and alliances

dc.contributor.advisorBoth, Lilly
dc.contributor.authorPeñaherrera Aguirre, Mateo
dc.description.abstractCoalitions (the short-term coordinated effort of two or more parties against a third) and alliances (the frequent collaboration between two or more individuals) have been examined in fields such as comparative psychology and behavioural ecology. The purpose of the present study was to examine coalition and alliance formations in relation to individual factors such as personality, social dominance, egalitarianism, altruism, positive and negative reciprocity, and Machiavellianism. A total of 260 participants completed a questionnaire study to examine the relation among these variables. Females scored higher on Neuroticism, Agreeableness and Egalitarianism, whereas males had higher scores on Social Dominance, Machiavellianism, Negative Reciprocity, and Openness. Social dominance was a significant predictor of attacking a target in a number of coalitions. The personality trait of Openness predicted assisting the victim in several defensive coalitions. Because the current research is based on ethological and primatological theories, these theoretical frameworks extend the literature on non-human primates by examining coalition and alliance formation in human participants.
dc.description.copyright© Mateo Peñaherrera Aguirre, 2017
dc.description.noteM.A. University of New Brunswick, Department of Psychology, 2017.
dc.format.extentix, 137 pages
dc.identifier.oclcOCLC# 1352451720
dc.identifier.otherThesis 9938
dc.publisherUniversity of New Brunswick
dc.subject.lcshCoalitions -- Case studies.
dc.subject.lcshAlliances -- Case studies.
dc.subject.lcshPsychology, Comparative -- Research -- Case studies.
dc.subject.lcshSex differences (Psychology) -- Case studies.
dc.titleIndividual differences in the formation of coalitions and alliances
dc.typemaster thesis of Arts of New Brunswick


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