The evolution of game regulation in New Brunswick and the anti-poaching campaign of 1935

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University of New Brunswick


Game conservation in Canada in the early 1900s was at the intersection of important legal, social, and political conflicts over private property, class, citizenship, and the expansion of the liberal state. As game conservation was instituted in New Brunswick under the Game Act of 1893, political and institutional interests within the Crown Lands Department, and later the Department of Lands and Mines significantly influenced its evolution in the 20th century. This report looks at the development of game conservation in the province and the events surrounding the Department's anti-poaching campaign in northern New Brunswick during March and April 1935. During what was described as the largest deer 'slaughter' ever reported in the province, the effort to eliminate poaching marks an important period when attitudes on poaching and game laws were changing, with muted and overt resistance or approval throughout the province.