Linear Stochastic Estimation on flow over a backward facing-step

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University of New Brunswick


In the active flow control, Stochastic Estimation (SE) is a beneficial tool to predict the time-resolved flow field as it offers acceptable short-in-line processing time with higher temporal and spatial resolution. In SE, a correlation between the desired variable and the corresponding time-resolved point measurements obtained from a few locations, must be built. These correlations are employed to estimate the desired flow property. This study delves into SE methods, comparing the conventional SE method with a relatively unexplored technique, Spectral Linear Stochastic Estimation (SLSE) in the flow over a backward-facing step. The study found that conventional SE underestimates fluctuations, suggesting improved accuracy with increased sensor points. SLSE, while enhancing estimation, tends to overpredict structures. A sensor placement analysis addressed these challenges, finding that 8-point sensors, concentrated before the reattachment point, yield the best accuracy. This research aims to advance the understanding and optimization of stochastic estimation for improved flow prediction.