Investigating the application of positive psychology concepts and practices in optimizing workplace environments
University of New Brunswick
The aim of this study was to investigate the application of positive psychology concepts and practices in optimizing workplace environments, as well as to examine their effectiveness and the conditions that are necessary for initiative success. There is a paucity of literature related to the use of measures and benchmarks linked to interventions targeting employee well-being and resiliency. Additionally, there is a major gap related to the study of evidencebased and data-driven evaluation of program outcomes related to positive psychology-focused programs. This study employed a descriptive research design to investigate three organizational settings that were at various stages of applying positive psychology concepts and practices to optimize workplace well-being, engagement, and team functioning. Case study methods were used to draw on the perspectives, practices, and experiences of organizational stakeholders. An Appreciative Inquiry approach was used to explore and draw out strengths, promising practices and potential innovations related to the use of positive psychology concepts and practices within workplace environments. This study contributes key insights and learnings related to effective methods for applying positive psychology concepts and practices within workplace contexts. The study highlights and describes six common elements across case study sites. Based on the analysis of results, two models were developed and proposed. One model proposes three pillars necessary for creating readiness for the implementation of positive workplace practices. A second model describes various stages of development or change that should occur in a cyclical sequence to enable continuous improvement and optimization of positive workplace practices.