Exploring the mechanical performance of additively manufactured nickel-based Alloy 718 under high strain rate and high temperature conditions

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University of New Brunswick


The high-temperature dynamic mechanical response of Alloy 718 produced via laser-powder bed fusion (LPBF) was investigated through compressive Split-Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) tests. Simulating the typical service conditions of Alloy 718, the tests were conducted at temperatures ranging from 298 K to 773 K and at strain rates of 1000 s-1 to 1500 s-1. Phenomenological material constitutive models, such as the modified versions of Johnson-Cook and Hensel-Spittel models, were developed based on the SHPB test results. Analysis of microstructural evolution under impact conditions highlighted that columnar grains with high Schmid factors tend to undergo preferential activation and dislocation pile-up. This process leads to the formation of adiabatic shear bands, grain disintegration, and intense lattice rotation, particularly at higher strain rates. Furthermore, increasing the dynamic deformation temperature facilitates the activation of discontinuous dynamic recrystallization (DDRX), with strain accumulation promoting localized grain nucleation along heavily dislocated dendritic boundaries. Recognizing the limitations of phenomenological material constitutive models in accurately representing the underlying microstructural evolution, an artificial neural network (ANN)-based constitutive model employing a three-layer backpropagation learning algorithm was implemented, reducing the Average Absolute Relative Error (AARE) to 0.17%.