A linear multiple regression of self-reported basic need satisfaction and depressive symptoms amongst active duty and veteran combat trade Canadian Armed Forces members
University of New Brunswick
This study explored the basic needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness using Self-Determination Theory (Ryan & Deci, 2017) in Canadian Armed Forces members to better understand the impact of job-specific struggles on their mental wellness. When these basic needs are violated, the individual may either act out in aberrant ways, or experience a negative impact on their mental health. Participants (n = 44) completed questionnaires assessing basic needs (BPNSF-WD), and depressive symptomatology (QIDS-SR16). A multiple regression was conducted to assess the relationship between basic needs and self-reported symptoms of depression. Results indicate that there was an inverse significant relationship between basic needs and depressive symptoms (F(4, 39) = 2.83, p = .04, r² = .23). Autonomy was the most significant predictor of depression (t = -2.34, p = .03). As autonomy satisfaction scores increased, symptoms of depression decreased. Recommendations for applied counselling practice and future research were discussed. Keywords: Self-Determination Theory, Canadian Armed Forces, depression, mental wellness, autonomy, competence, relatedness.