The impact of 16-week resistance training performed using elastic bands along with diabetes education on physical functions of older adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and frailty: The Band-Frail study

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University of New Brunswick


Individuals with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or frailty have reduced physical function, however, living simultaneously with both conditions exacerbates an individual’s physical function. Research shows that resistance training and diabetes education improve physical function; however, few studies exist on individuals with T2DM and frailty. We hypothesized that performing 16 weeks of elastic band resistance training with diabetes education would increase physical function in individuals with T2DM and frailty. The exposure variable was a 16-week elastic band resistance training program, which consisted of supervised resistance training twice a week and diabetes education once a week. Physical function significantly improved (pre: 8.4 ± 2.1 vs. post: 9.9 ± 2.1; p<0.01) following the 16-week intervention, with 73% of participants improving by a minimal clinically important difference of one point on the Short Physical Performance Battery. This suggests that participating in the Band-Frail program enhances physical functions in individuals with T2DM and frailty.