A grounded theory study on the health resilience of Arabic-speaking refugees with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in New Brunswick

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University of New Brunswick


Health resilience improves coping, disease management, and quality of life for people living with chronic disease. Due to challenges posed by displacement, lifestyle changes required for managing type 2 diabetes, and disruptions caused by COVID-19 mitigation measures, there is increased risk for complications for newly arrived refugees living with type 2 diabetes, but many manage well. The purpose of this study was to explore how Arabic-speaking refugees in New Brunswick use health resilience to manage type 2 diabetes during resettlement in Canada, within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. A grounded theory approach was used to describe the process of health resilience from participants’ perspectives. Self-reliance was found to be a core driver of participants’ decision-making, actions, and interpretations in health management and resettlement. Future examinations of self-reliance may increase understanding of health resilience and unveil clinical applications for others living with chronic disease.



INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREAS::Health and medical services in society, MEDICINE::Dermatology and venerology,clinical genetics, internal medicine::Internal medicine::Diabetology