What is the relationship between industry, occupation, and body weight in Canada?

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University of New Brunswick


Overweight and obesity are well known to be associated with negative health outcome. Canadians spend a large portion of their walking hours at work and their level of physical activity (or lack thereof) and eating habits while there likely play a role in their body weight. This study examines the association between industry and occupation of work and the likelihood of overweight and obesity. This paper managed to discover social economic factors and human behavior factors that will help identify groups that are most at risk of being overweight and obese. Cycle 5 of NPHS and all 8 cycles of CCHS are used in log it and fixed-effect models to run regression analysis. Results show that compare to male, female are less likely to become overweight and obese, age has negative effect on people’s body weight, and people who live in Ontario, Birth Columbia have the lowest risk of being overweight and obese. Also the results indicate that the following variables: education, household-income, physical activity and eating habits are negatively associated with being overweight and obese. For industry and occupation, the results show: people who work at public administration and education industry have highest risk to become obese; Occupation as manager or sales contribute most to people’s risk of being obese.