Identification of a vibrationally excited level in methyl formate through microwave and far-infrared spectroscopy


Methyl formate (HCOOCH3) is an important interstellar molecule. More than 1000 rotational transitions including those from the ground state, torsionally excited states, and of its isotopologues have been observed towards several astrophysical sources. The laboratory spectra of methyl formate in the microwave spectral region contain many unassigned transitions and many of them are likely to be due to rotational transitions in the low-lying excited states. We report the laboratory identification of new rotational transitions in the COC deformation (ν12) excited state. The identification was made possible by combining the microwave data with rotation–vibration spectra taken in the far-infrared region at the Canadian Light Source synchrotron.